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Przegląd Ustawodawstwa Gospodarczego nr 02/2011

Przegląd Ustawodawstwa Gospodarczego nr 02/2011

ISSN: 0137-5490
Dostępność: Produkt niedostępny
Liczba stron: 32
Rok wydania: 2011
Miejsce wydania: Warszawa
Oprawa: miękka
45.00

Zapytaj
Paweł Czepiel, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Problematyka  prawna ochrony powierzchni ziemi jako medium środowiskowego (część II)

Summary
Legal aspects in the protection of soil as an environmental medium - part 2
The second part of the publication concerning legal aspects of soil protection attempts at an analysis of particular stages of soil use with regards to protection requirements. Therefore, it contains a classification of provisions referring to soil protection from the point of view of time and conditions of soil use. Three stages of soil use have been distinguished, with reference to the carried out classification. The part devoted to the stage of planning, referring both to methods and scope, discusses planning instruments applied for the purposes of soil protection. The part devoted to the implementation of soil use methods in the context of intended human activity presents a classification of provisions related to soil protection. The part devoted to threat prevention reviews provisions regulating liability for soil damages. Solutions aimed at soil protection are discussed taking into consideration the realisation of legal principles of environment protection, whilst the analysis embraces Polish legal regulations with reference to community law where necessary.  The concluding remarks point out the need for attempts aimed at developing an effective system of soil protection and enumerate indispensable elements of such a system. 
 
Henryk Palarz, Uniwersytet Śląski
Elementy umowy sprzedaży ciepła (umowy kompleksowej) w Prawie energetycznym
Summary
Elements of a contract of supplying a heat (a complex contract) in Polish Energy Law
Polish regulations make a heating enterprise character of a public utility enterprise. A heating enterprise is a subject provides supplying a heat for receivers in the form of central heating and hot water, no matter weather it has a license obtained from the government office and no matter who is an owner of it (state or a private person). A heating enterprise has a duty to prepare a text of a standard contract which includes a necessary elements, demanded by law. The article contains an analysis of all requirements with a presentation of many opinions of The Energy Regulation Office and judgements also from the point of view the antimonopoly low. The most common offence against the low is using of the strong position on the market in order to achieve unfounded benefits. The most important issues in contracts are how to change (usually raise) prices and rates of charges, why a recipient should pay rates of charges in constant amount during all the year whereas supplying heat took place only a few months and responsibility of a heating enterprise, when services are provided in such a way that continuity and unfailingness are not guaranteed.
 
Wiesław Jasiński, Wyższa Szkoła Policji w Szczytnie
Zmienione i nowe obowiązki w zakresie rejestracji i identyfikacji w ustawie o przeciwdziałaniu praniu pieniędzy i finansowaniu terroryzmu
Summary
Changed and new obligations in scope of registration and identification in anti-money laundering and terrorist financing law
Money  laundering  is  treated  by  experts  as  a  global  issue,  closely  related  to organised crime, influencing and threatening national economies and economic systems, it must be countered internationally.  The  Third Anti-Money Laundering  Directive (2005/60/EC)  spell further evolution in the norms which have to be implemented in the national strategies to effectively counter money laundering. Of particular importance here are the principles of client  identification  that  are  in  line  with technological  changes  and the  identification  of politically exposed persons. The article analyses the way of implementation these instruments in the Polish  anti-money laundering law (AML), especially customer identification and registration of transactions. The AML lists categories of products and customers, that qualify for standard, simplified or enhanced customer due diligence treatment. There is also an analysis of obligation to establishing of internal procedures  of  customer  due  diligence, reporting, record keeping,  control and risk management. The author concludes that evaluation of the Financial Intelligence Units activities in many countries is ever more critical. It seems that the model of gathering and processing  information  reported  by  the  financial  and  non-financial  institutions  needs transformation that will shorten the interval between reporting the suspicion of foul play and taking up criminal procedures.
 
ARBITRAŻ GOSPODARCZY
Grzegorz Skowroński
O pojęciu arbitrażowości sporu – zarys prawno porównawczy

Summary
A comparative brief on objective arbitrability
The aim of the article is to present the notion and frames of the objective arbitrability from the international perspective. Whilst the article briefly pertains to common law system, it primarily focuses on the understanding of the objective arbitrability in Continental Europe. The article tries to present common elements of the objective arbitrability in Europe and tries to provide factors which shape the definition thereof. Once the general definition and elements of the objective arbitrability are presented, the article tries to analyze how the said thoughts may contribute to the future understanding and shape of the objective arbitrability under Polish law. Therefore, the article does not avoid some of the problems that may arise under Polish law.
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