Mediation as a new form of settling administrative matters in Poland
The adoption of new legal solutions in 2017 resulted in the appearance of the institution of mediation in Polish administrative proceedings, which was unheard of until then as a method in which public administration operates. The lawmakers decided to introduce mediation as a method of establishing facts and conducting interpretations of the law in matters ending in an administrative decision being issued. This article is an attempt to analyse the consistency of the solutions adopted with the system of settling administrative cases that had been in force to date. The most important finding made in the analysis is that of a fundamental conflict of the objectives of mediation with the essence of Polish administrative procedures. This is related to the lack of dispute at this stage of the proceedings, which rules out the ability to use mediation as a form of non-dispute settlement of a matter. The remaining systemic conflicts found in the analysis confirm the argument about the inability to use mediation in the practice of settling administrative matters.
Adamiak B. [in:] Adamiak B., Borkowski J., Kodeks postępowania administracyjnego. Komentarz, 11th edn., Warsaw 2011, p. 57–58
Introduced by the Act amending the Administrative Procedures Code and certain other Acts of 7 April 2017 (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 935).
Jaśkowska M., Atomizacja procedury administracyjnej a tworzenie specustaw inwestycyjnych, [in:] Źródła prawa administracyjnego a ochrona wolności i praw obywateli, ed. M. Błachucki, T. Górzyńska, Warsaw 2014, p. 71
Justification of the bill on the amendment of the Administrative Code and certain other Acts (https://www.sejm.gov.pl/Sejm8.nsf/druk.xsp?nr=1183)
Kalisz A., Mediacja jako forma dialogu w stosowaniu prawa, Warsaw 2016, p. 103 et seq.
Recommendation Rec(2001)9 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on alternatives to litigation between administrative authorities and private parties (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 5 September 2001 at the 762nd meeting of the Ministers' Deputies) https://rm.coe.int/16805e2b59
Wegner-Kowalska J., Mediacja w sprawach administracyjnych — pytania i wątpliwości, Zeszyty Naukowe Sądownictwa Administracyjnego 6 (75)/2017, p. 41 et seq.
Zienkiewicz A., Studium mediacji. Od teorii ku praktyce, Warsaw 2007, p. 31–38.
Zimmermann J., Aksjomaty prawa administracyjnego, Warsaw 2013, p. 188.