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Adam Kupczyk

PhD Dsc, associate professor in SGGW (Warsaw University of Life Sciences), specialized in renewable energy sources, in particular biofuels for transport and biogas; author of c. 170 reviewed publications, member of the National Chamber of Biofuels, and consultant of the Union of Polish Distilleries for scientific affairs.


In recent decades, more precisely from the moment of the first report prepared for the Club of Rome, published in 1972 and the first energy crisis, which also took place in the early 1970s, the interest in renewable energy sources, including transport biofuels produced in the biomass conversion process, increased. This is due to many reasons, and the most important ones include: the ecological aspect, the decline in fossil energy resources and the increase in their prices on world markets, the social aspect, energy conservation. An important aspect and characteristic feature of the current transport fuels is the possibility of their substitution with other fuels produced from plants in simple esterification or fermentation/dehydration processes (1st generation biofuels), and in the future in physico-chemical processes (synthetic fuels and 2nd generation biofuels), ultimately leading to the use of hydrogen (3rd generation fuel, for example from coal or biomass - biohydrogen). The transition to new generations of fuels and biofuels is associated with the reduction of environmental pollution, e.g. by increasing the efficiency of converting the energy of carriers into mechanical energy of vehicles or the method of use; e.g. an electric motor system instead of an internal combustion engine.

Keywords: logistics; environment protection