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Mgr Katia Romero León
ORCID: 0000-0002-2313-2239

Full time Professor at the Universidad Veracruzana in Mexico. She holds a master's degree in Agricultural and Applied Economics from the University of Georgia and she is a candidate for PhD in Ecology at the Universidad Veracruzana. Her research focuses on consumer behaviour, environmental services valuation, and socio-environmental conflicts due to natural resources impacts. She has published several books and book chapters on topics such as poverty, human development, sustainability, energy, biodiversity, and chemical leasing.

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.3.5
JEL: Q01, Q53, O54

The objective of this research is to determine whether the city under investigation in a developing country is pursuing a "circular city" model based on various indicators and the city's current characteristics. The city under analysis was Xalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz in Mexico. To accomplish our research goals, we employed a qualitative methodology. We conducted interviews with the government representative responsible for municipal solid waste management during the designated period, as well as with the proprietors of the 18 most prominent private waste collection centers. Additionally, we obtained relevant information from the government through the transparency platform. For our assessment, we utilized the waste-focused indicators provided by L. Girard and F. Nocca. Our analysis indicates that the city under investigation is not on the trajectory towards adopting a "circular city" model. However, the context of municipal solid waste (MSW) offers valuable suggestions for future implementation of circular economy (CE) practices. The findings presented in this study offer valuable insights for researchers in other developing countries who are also engaged in exploring the issues discussed. Also, the lessons derived from this study hold relevance for cities in developing countries, as they grapple with environmental and economic degradation similar to the city studied.

Keywords: circular economy; municipal solid waste; waste management (gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym; stałe odpady komunalne; gospodarka odpadami)