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Dr hab. inż. Magdalena Kapelko
ORCID: 0000-0003-2020-2374

Associate Professor at Wrocław University of Economics and Business, Department of Logistics. She held a Visiting Assistant Professor position at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid in Spain from 2009 to 2012. Since 2009, she holds a PhD (European doctorate) in economic sciences (management) from Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in Spain, and from 2018 a habilitation degree in economic sciences (economics) from Wrocław University of Economics and Business. She holds M.Phil. from Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona in Spain (2006) and MSc from Wroclaw University of Technology in Poland (2003). She was a Visiting Professor or Visiting Researcher at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, Universidad Miguel Hernandez de Elche in Spain, University of Florida in the USA, and Linnaeus University in Sweden. Her main research interests focus on the area of efficiency and productivity measurement of decision making units. She has also been a principal investigator of two projects funded by the National Science Centre in Poland, a principal investigator of one project financed by institution in the Netherlands, an investigator in many projects financed by the Spanish grant awarding institutions, and a participant of the Management Committee of COST Action. She received many awards for her scientific achievements.

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.3.2
JEL: C61, L90, M14

Involvement in corporate social responsibility (CSR) is of increasing importance across different economic sectors, including transport industry. This study examines the relationship between CSR and efficiency of companies in the transport industry. It belongs to the type of quantitative research and extends the scope of research related to the subject of CSR and efficiency of companies in the transport industry. Whereas previous literature lacks empirical research analyzing the relation between CSR and efficiency in the transport industry, the present study aims to fill in this research gap. The study focuses on data for 2013–2015 period and on major transport companies in the USA, in particular those representing the air and road transport sectors. The paper is based on Data Envelopment Analysis method which is used to measure efficiency, while the Pearson correlation coefficient is used to detect the relationship between CSR and efficiency. The results confirm positive relationship between CSR and efficiency of transport companies. The paper contains further evidence on the relationship between individual CSR areas (social, environmental and governance CSR) and efficiency. This study can contribute not only as a recommendation for transport companies, but also as an introduction to further and more detailed research of the relation between CSR and efficiency.

Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility; Data Envelopment Analysis; Pearson correlation; efficiency measurement; air transport; road transport