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Prof. dr Michael Bourlakis
ORCID: 0000-0001-5093-5398

Professor and director of research at Cranfield School of Management, where he specializes in logistics, procurement, and supply chain management. He has extensive academic and industry experience in food, retail, and sustainable supply chains, and has won numerous research and consulting projects from various funding bodies and private companies. He has published over 250 publications, including 63 journal papers and 3 edited books, and serves on the editorial board of 15 journals. He is also an expert advisor, reviewer, and panel member for several national and international organisations, as well as a keynote speaker, external examiner and visiting professor at various universities. He is a recognised thought leader in logistics and supply chain management and has worked with most leading retailers in the world as well as multinational organisations.


DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.3.5
JEL: Q01, Q53, O54

The objective of this research is to determine whether the city under investigation in a developing country is pursuing a "circular city" model based on various indicators and the city's current characteristics. The city under analysis was Xalapa, the capital city of the state of Veracruz in Mexico. To accomplish our research goals, we employed a qualitative methodology. We conducted interviews with the government representative responsible for municipal solid waste management during the designated period, as well as with the proprietors of the 18 most prominent private waste collection centers. Additionally, we obtained relevant information from the government through the transparency platform. For our assessment, we utilized the waste-focused indicators provided by L. Girard and F. Nocca. Our analysis indicates that the city under investigation is not on the trajectory towards adopting a "circular city" model. However, the context of municipal solid waste (MSW) offers valuable suggestions for future implementation of circular economy (CE) practices. The findings presented in this study offer valuable insights for researchers in other developing countries who are also engaged in exploring the issues discussed. Also, the lessons derived from this study hold relevance for cities in developing countries, as they grapple with environmental and economic degradation similar to the city studied.

Keywords: circular economy; municipal solid waste; waste management (gospodarka o obiegu zamkniętym; stałe odpady komunalne; gospodarka odpadami)