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dr hab. inż. Adam Sadowski, prof. UŁ
ORCID: 0000-0002-8608-5118

University of Lodz.


The aim of the article is to present the concept and role of company reverse logistics - a concept whose importance is systematically growing. Due to economic reasons, closed logistic chains affect the efficiency of logistic systems of enterprises, therefore there is a need to learn both theoretical models and find practical solutions. The article presents the concept and the essence of reverse logistics, paying attention to a closed logistic chain. The theoretical considerations have been supported by the example of systemic organizational solutions for end-of-life vehicles under recycling. The basis for the description of empirical solutions was the Dutch experience due to the advanced level of development of reverse logistics in the field of end-of-life vehicles (ELV) disposal and recycling.

Keywords: logistics; reverse logistics; recycling
DOI: 33226/1231-2037.2019.12.3
JEL: M20, Q56

The purpose of the article is to define the main directions of sustainable logistics development and to present a research model. The basis for the application process was a thematic review of English-language literature using the world  resource  catalog  for  resources  from  1996-2019.  Five main  directions  of  sustainable  logistics  development  were identified,  such  as  conceptualization  and  modeling,  policy and law, efficiency and costs, environmental measures and indicators as well as forces, determinants and development aspects.  A  model  for  conducting  research  on  sustainable logistics was proposed covering three layers: research fields, value creation and changes in logistics theory, which is open and can be applied to any field.

Keywords: sustainable logistics; development models; sustainability