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Dr Małgorzata Chackiewicz
ORCID: 0000-0002-6255-2789

Dr Małgorzata Chackiewicz

PhD, researcher at the War Studies University, Faculty of Management and Command, Institute of Logistics, Department of Transport Management. She specializes in issues in the area of: customs law, combating crime in international logistics, cross-border customs crime, protection of endangered species of flora and fauna (CITES Washington Convention).

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.1.5
JEL: K42

The subject of consideration in this article are issues related to the need to introduce changes in the management of the European Union's external border with Ukraine in connection with the Russian invasion. The section of the Polish-Ukrainian border has been characterized and border crossings for pedestrian and goods traffic have been indicated. A temporary procedure introduced by the Chief Veterinary Officer regarding the handling of animals accompanying travelers entering the European Union from Ukraine during the armed conflict was presented. The introduction of shortened procedures for crossing the border and importing endangered species of fauna from Ukraine into the European Union was discussed. Available statistics on the number of confiscated CITES species imported from Ukraine in 2019–2022 were analyzed in order to determine the scale of their smuggling from this country. The aim of the article is to indicate the need to introduce changes in the management of the external border of the European Union in connection with the outbreak of war in Ukraine on selected examples.

Keywords: border management; migration; refugees; armed conflict; CITES species
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.3.4
JEL: K42, F50

The article discusses control in detecting the phenomenon of crime, which is used in international trade in goods. Checks are made, i.a. by officers of the National Revenue Administration, entrepreneurs and insurance companies. Data on the crimes committed were presented, widely described in reports, e.g. TAPA, IMPACT, TT Club and BSI, and in the report on the enforcement of intellectual property rights in the European Union by customs authorities in 2019. Statistical data included in the monitoring of the external border of the European Union was discussed. the number of detained by KAS: cigarettes, fuel, alcohol, the number of penal and fiscal proceedings and the amounts from issued fines. The aim of the article is to formulate recommendations on this basis to improve safety in international trade in goods.

Keywords: control; crime identification; international trade; seized goods
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.4.3
JEL: K42

The article discusses the phenomenon of combating international crime in logistics on the example of controls performed by officers of the National Revenue Administration. The aim of the article is to identify crimes occurring in logistics in relation to: goods, documents, operation of SENT and ANPRS systems and resulting from the activities of entrepreneurs. Characteristics of the use of tools and methods in combating crime in logistics are presented on the example of: SENT control, Automatic Number Plate Recognition System (ANPRS) and criminal analysis. The available statistics on the number of controls performed in 2018–2020 based on SENT controls were analyzed. Selected intra-EU and international institutions and bodies, including those established to combat crime in logistics, were indicated. Examples of unsuccessful attempts to smuggle goods in road transport are presented.

Keywords: crime in logistics; combating; SENT inspections; criminal analysis; penalty system