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Material Economy and Logistics 8/2020

ISSN: 1231-2037
Pages: 44
Publication date: 2020
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.8.1
JEL: Q21, Q31, Q42

Since many years, urban agglomerations are facing a growing problem of air pollution, which can lead to the smog formation. One of the main sources of these pollutants are cars with internal combustion engine, which emit undesirable compounds into the atmosphere (including particulates, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide). In order to reduce the emission of pollutants in the cities, the use of eco-friendly transport means is preferred. A good solution may be the use of electric cars with high ecological potential, due to the lack of direct emissions and low noise levels. However, because of the need to cover an electricity demand, an electric car can contribute to the generation of indirect pollution.

The aim of this work was to analyse the amount of pollutants emitted to the atmosphere by an electric vehicle and its environmental impact on the local and global scale. For this purpose, the amount of energy consumed by an electric vehicle was determined and the emissions from a vehicle with a typical internal combustion engine were compared with the pollutants generated by different electric energy sources.

Keywords: electric vehicles; electricity; pollutants emission; urban smog
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.8.2
JEL: R42

The article describes road transport operation planning connected with municipal waste transport, and the organisation of mixed municipal waste collection base on the example of convey routes serviced by means of transport owned by service company in Wałcz Municipal in Zachodniopomorskie Province in 2016. The article presents stages of planning and convey processes for transporting municipal waste in road transport in legal, technical and economical terms. They include all legal information relating to road convey of commodities as well as conditions which must be met by the service company that conducts this kind of transport and business activity. Technical and legal characterization of vehicles for transporting municipal waste has been presented as were transport process, technologies and systems. The Authors also analyse work effectiveness based on the drivers working time and elaborate on the optimal routes for municipal service in technological process of municipal waste transport, including all process-related activities. The aim of this article is to present the results of research on the operation of the municipal company Altvater Piła — ENERIS based on the commune of Wałcz it serviced in 2016.

Keywords: road transport; municipal waste; provisions of law; transport centre; legislative directive; transport operation
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.8.3
JEL: R31, R51

The article deals with the problem of using IT tools to manage inventory at BMW Poland. The aim of the paper is to improve inventory management in the analyzed company by implementing the SRD tool. The research began with the analysis of the research problem in the light of the literature of the subject of research. Then, the indicators used during inventory management in the surveyed company were analyzed and evaluated. The method of comparative analysis was used for assessment, where indicators before and after the implementation of a new inventory management tool in the research entity (2018–2019) called SRD were compared.

Keywords: inventory management; IT systems for inventory management; comparative analysis
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.8.4
JEL: L810

In the last decade, outsourcing is being a game changer on the market, taking over a significant role in shaping relationships between enterprises and their business models. Outsourcing sector in Poland 2019 crossed value of PLN 4 billion, employment ratio in shared service activities exceeded 170 k. employees. The adaptation to delegate non-core business functions have settled in market. The aim of the article is to analyze current concepts of building relationships existing in the market and to present the possibility of using the Vested model as a tool for transforming business relationships.

Keywords: logistic services; outsourcing; Vested; Business Process Outsourcing
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