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Dr Joanna Wiak
ORCID: 0000-0001-9012-0708
Assistant professor in the Department of Economic
and Commercial Law at the Faculty of Law and
Administration UMCS, Lublin, Poland.
DOI: 10.33226/0137-5490.2020.5.4
JEL: K12, K15, K22

The article covers an analysis of changes in the Civil Code made by Article 1 point 1–3 of the Act of 31 July 2019 amending certain acts in order to limit regulatory burdens, which enter into force on 1 June 1 2020. Their assumption is to extend consumer protection in certain legal transactions with the participation of entrepreneurs. They are to concern the protection provided for consumers of a natural person concluding a contract directly related to his business, when the content of this contract indicates that he doesn't have a professional nature for him, resulting in particular from the subject of his business, made available under the provisions on Central Registration and Information on Economic Activity. Changes should be assessed negatively. They are unnecessary and lead only to the deepening of existing
terminological confusion. The analysis of terms conditioning the extension of consumer protection leads to the conclusion that such a natural person enjoys protection as a consumer within the meaning of Article 221 of the Civil Code. In fact, it is a natural person concluding a contract with the entrepreneur who is only
indirectly related to his business.

Keywords: consumer protection; Civil Code; entrepreneur; consumer

Assistant professor in the Department of Economic
and Commercial Law at the Faculty of Law and
Administration UMCS, Lublin, Poland.