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Dr inż. Ewa Sylwia Kamińska
ORCID: 0000-0002-4547-8775

Dr inż. Ewa Sylwia Kamińska

PhD, graduated from the Lublin University of Technology. From 2007 to 2013 she was a post-graduate student and dealt with issues of recycling of lead-acid rechargeable batteries and associated ecological balances. In 2013, she was awarded the degree of doctor of technical sciences in the discipline of machine construction and operation (specialty: transport ecology). In 2004 she also completed post-graduate studies in the field of economy at Maria Curie- Skłodowska University in Lublin (UMCS). She was co-founder and the secretary of the Polish Association of Scientiic Recycling from 2006 to 2018. She has been employed at the Motor Transport Institute, currently at the team of Economic Research Department. She has been majored in application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool to end-of-live vehicles and lead-acid rechargeable batteries. Her scientific output comprises a series of manuscripts dedicated to recycling technologies and environmental management.

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.1.1

The aim of the article is to present the results of the analysis of the literature on business models related to the management of lithium-ion batteries, in accordance with the principles of the circular economy. The transition from a "linear" economy to a circular economy requires taking a number of actions, incl. concerning the extension of the product life cycle (e.g. by changing the waste status), which enables its further use. The listed actions are in line with the waste hierarchy that was updated in 2017 at the level of the European Union. The application of the principles of the circular economy made it necessary to update business models, in which often the last stage of using, for example, a used product was recognizing it as waste and ending its use. Extending the life cycle of lithium-ion batteries reduces the demand for primary raw materials (e.g. lithium) and avoids any consequences resulting from the production of new Li-Ions.

Keywords: circular economy; waste hierarchy; lithium-ion car batteries
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.2.3

The aim of the article is to present the results of analyses concerning the individual mobility of people with disabilities in terms of the development and implementation of automated vehicles. Issues that may affect the popularity of AV vehicles (autonomous vehicles) for this group of recipients in the future, were highlighted. The research results analysed concerned the level of knowledge about AV vehicles among people with disabilities, which translates into the willingness to use the service. The attentions was the possibility of sharing the trips and the proposed technical solutions that may facilitate the driving by this group of recipients. The analysis was carried out in relation to the current state of knowledge in the field. As part of the summary of the work, an synthesis of the conclusions from the analyses was made.

Keywords: autonomous and shared vehicles; disabled people; mobility
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.11.4

The article presents selected technologies for recycling Lithium-Ion batteries (LIBs), later referred to as Li-Ion, used as a power source in hybrid and electric cars. Utilization of the disused Li-Ion, in accordance with the environmental protection principles, allows to recover a number of materials and compounds, including lithium, cobalt and others. The paper also presents the results of an eco-balance analysis of the hydrometallurgical recycling process of the disused Lithium-Ion batteries. The analysis was carried out using the IMPACT2002+ method. The results are given in environmental points, whose positive value means environmental damage, the negative result is an environmental benefit. The results of the analysis are given for the categories specific for the IMPACT2002+ method. These are: human health, ecosystem quality, climate change and resource consumption. The aim of the article is to estimate the potential environmental burdens characteristic for the Lithium-Ion battery recycling technology using the requirements of the ecological Life Cycle Assessment.

Keywords: recycling; Lithium-Ion batteries; hybrid and electric vehicles
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.7.3
JEL: R49

The purpose of the article is to present the results of analyses regarding the management of waste from the end of life vehicles (ELV) from fourteen vehicle dismantling stations (VDS) in Poland. The study was based on an information from the secondary sources, including scientific publications, and statistical data from the available reports for 2017. The information concerns, among the others, production and management of the waste from ELVs. The analyses were carried out for selected enterprises located in the małopolskie and dolnośląskie voivodships. The result of the analyses is a scientific study on the management of waste from ELVs in the selected regions of Poland.

Keywords: vehicle dismantling stations; recycling; waste