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Dr inż. Marcin Świtała
ORCID: 0000-0002-4001-8948

Ph.D. Eng. Assistant Professor at the Economics Department of the Road and Bridge Research Institute. He is also the leader of a research area related to mobility, transport and road infrastructure in FEHRL, an international organisation. In his scientific work he undertakes issues related to the impact of road projects on the economic environment, with particular emphasis on the links between road projects and the activity of road freight transport companies. In recent years, his main research interests have been adaptive behaviour and cooperation of companies in supply chains and networks

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.3.6
JEL: J6, R11, R41

The paper presents the results of a social study relating to the awareness and attitudes of city residents towards the prospects of using autonomous vehicles as a means of urban transportation, including last-mile transportation. The main objective of the study was to find answers to the following questions: 1) what is the current state of city residents' knowledge of autonomous vehicles, 2) what attitude respondents have towards the phenomenon under study, 3) what determinants may foster acceptance of this form of transportation as part of daily mobility, 4) what scenarios for travel using self-drive cars are most likely at present. The source base consisted of contributions from 648 respondents qualified for the study based on the criterion of place of residence. Data analysis and interpretation were carried out using the SPSS package and using statistical tests. The results of the study allow us to draw the conclusion that the use of autonomous vehicles as part of daily mobility requires achieving a state of public awareness where the choice of autonomous transportation will become, for city residents, a conscious and desirable form of mobility in urban agglomerations, competitive to other modes of transport.

Keywords: autonomous vehicles; 5SEA; social acceptance; travel preferences and scenarios; city residents
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.98.3
JEL: J6, R11, R41

The main purpose of this article is to discuss the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on daily mobility of Warsaw residents. Another issue concerns how city residents perceive traffic congestion. The source basis are the results of studies, which were conducted on a purposively selected sample of 300 inhabitants of Warsaw, as well as the statistics data collected by Warsaw Roads Administration, Public Transport Authority and Statistical Office in Warsaw. The conducted study confirms and develops previous research and proves that urban mobility has been strongly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Warsaw road network is characterized by a high level of congestion and the most common reasons are: too many passenger cars and too low road network capacity to handle the flow.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; urban mobility; traffic congestion
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.5.2
JEL: L1, N7

The purpose of this article is to present the results of research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activity of road freight transport companies. Moreover, it outlines the main corrective actions that have been taken by road carriers to eliminate the effects of the crisis. The source basis are the results of studies, which were conducted on a purposively selected sample of 100 enterprises representing the sector. What emerges from the research carried out is a destructive impact of the pandemic on the activities carried out in the field of road transport. Consequences of the epidemic can be seen both in the reduction for transport services' demand and in poorer financial condition of the companies surveyed. In response to the crisis, transport companies have taken numerous cost-cutting measures.

Keywords: road carriers; COVID-19 pandemic; corrective measures; road freight transport