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A recent look of the CJEU on the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union

The paper discusses the rulings of the CJEU: Egenberger, IR v JQ, Bauer and Max Planck, in which the Court pointed to the direct application of Articles: 21, 31 para. 2 and 47 EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. The author draws attention to the limited significance of this jurisprudence line due to the maintenance of the arguments contained in the AMS ruling, indicating that where there is a reference to "national law and practices" in the Charter's record, such a record makes it impossible to apply the Charter directly. The effect of the case-law pointing to the direct application of the Charter also depends on the number and quality of the questions referred for a preliminary ruling by the courts from a given country.

Keywords: EU Charter of Fundamental Rights; case law of the CJEU; European integration

References

Ciacchi, A. C. (2019). The Derect Horizontal Effect of EU Fundamental Rights. European Constitutional Law Review, (15). https://doi.org/10.1017/S1574019619000154

Fontanelli, F. (2014). National Measures and the Application of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights- Does curia.eu Know iura.eu? Human Rights Law Review, (2).https://doi.org/10.1093/hrlr/ngu009

Grzeszczak, R. i Szmigielski, A. (2015). Sądowe stosowanie Karty Praw Podstawowych UE w odniesieniu do państw członkowskich — refleksje na podstawie orzecznictwa Trybunału Sprawiedliwości i praktyki sądow krajowych. Europejski Przegląd Sądowy (październik).

Laurenco, L. (2019). Religion discrimination and EU general principles' gospel: Egenberger. Common Market Law Review, 56.

Połtorak, N. (2014). Zakres związania państw członkowskich Kartą Praw Podstawowych UE. Europejski Przegląd Sądowy, (9), 17–28.

van Bockel, B. i Wattel, P. (2013). New Wine into Old Wineskins: The Scope of Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU after AkerbergFransson. European Law Review, (6), 866–883.

Wrobel, A. (2009). O niektorych problemach sądowego stosowania Karty Praw Podstawowych. W: A. Wrobel, (red.), Karta Praw Podstawowych w europejskim i krajowym porządku prawnym. Warszawa.

Wrobel, A. (2013). Komentarz do art. 51. W: A. Wrobel (red.), Karta Praw Podstawowych Unii Europejskiej. Komentarz. Warszawa.

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