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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2023.4.4
JEL: O32, Q56, P31, R42

Autonomous transport in Polish cities – perspectives for implementation

Autonomous transport is one of the main trends in the development of urban mobility. In Poland, this area is relatively poorly studied, partly because of the small number of implemented projects. So, do autonomous vehicles have a chance to become more frequent sight on Polish streets? The authors of this publication have two objectives. The first is to assess plans and measures undertaken to implement autonomous transport in Polish cities. The second aim of the publication is to define further perspectives for the development of autonomous transport in Polish cities. The basis of the survey was formulated as the following research problems: What is the level of advancement of autonomous transport implementation in Polish cities? What is the interest by the authorities of Polish cities (local government units) in the subject of autonomous transport? The authors decided to use triangulation of studies. On the one hand, hard data were collected (by analysing the strategic documents of cities), on the other – a survey was conducted. The survey itself collected information about the measures implemented as well as more subjective and prognostic elements related to the "opinions" of Polish cities on autonomous transport. Activities for the implementation of autonomous transport in Polish cities are at a low level. The study shows that the road to autonomous vehicles in public transport in Polish cities is still a long way off: their experience in implementing such innovative projects is very scarce, mostly because benefits of implementing modern technologies in public transport are not really perceived, while a lot of organisational and financial barriers are obvious.

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Keywords: autonomous transport; sustainable transport; mobility; urban strategies



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