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Material Economy and Logistics 12/2021

ISSN: 1231-2037
Pages: 40
Publication date: 2021
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.12.1
JEL: Q2, O3, M10

The intensification of space exploration is associated with the use of the Earth's natural resources, which in the context of the depletion of their resources and the climate crisis may meet with social opposition. The solution for balancing the social, economic and environmental goals of space missions is to configure interplanetary supply chains that allow, inter alia, on the use of natural resources from space objects (Moon, Mars, asteroids). The aim of this article is to present the theoretical achievements to date in the field of configuring interplanetary supply chains and to indicate the importance of the development of these chains for achieving sustainable space exploration. The author claims that the development of interplanetary supply chains can contribute to the sustainable exploration of space, and thus increase the level of social acceptance for space projects.

Keywords: interplanetary supply chains; space logistics; space missions; in-situ resources; ISRU — In-Situ Resources Utilization
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.12.2
JEL: Q00, Q13, O32, M11

In every business process of enterprises, there are technological processes, and the warehouse and related activities are an inherent attribute of the logistics process. Logistics chain management is a multidimensional activity involving information and decision-making processes and processes using the knowledge of appropriate instruments of direction and control at the strategic and operational levels. Appropriate approach to the analysis of logistics management in solving problems involving storage management in enterprises requires recognition of the importance of problems and identification of their causes. The subject of analysis and evaluation in this study are grain storage systems as key links of logistic supply chains in the grain industry. Modern, efficient as well as sustainable logistics chains are of great economic importance in industrial storage. The paper presents a new sustainable solution for the planning process and control of grain storage activities. The described innovative solution contributes primarily to the continuity of warehouse operation in emergency situations and minimizes queues at the purchase of cereals. Moreover, this solution indicates low energy consumption, low operating costs, high efficiency, pro-environmental character and resistance to failures. The aim of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the process of planning and controlling activities for grain storage and economically viable grain flow. The authors analyzed the current situation in the grain industry and proposed organizational improvements in the form of the author's alternative method, which minimizes the queues at grain purchases and ensures continuity of storage operation in emergency situations.

Keywords: management; logistics chain; added value; decision making; warehousing; grain industry; sustainability
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.12.3
JEL: L62, M21, O3

The article is aimed at characterizing the issues related to the current and future ways of operating in companies producing vehicles, with particular emphasis on the impact of the automation and autonomization of road transport on the business models of such a companies.

A characteristic feature of the activities of enterprises from the automotive industry is constant development, concerning both products, their production technology, and the organization of the entire production process. Implementation by the manufacturers of innovative technologies related to the growing importance of vehicle automation and the possible dissemination of autonomous mobility results in the need to redefine the key success factors and introduce changes to the business models hitherto used. The article describes the classic business model of company from the automotive industry. Based on the adopted assumptions, related to the implementation of innovative technologies, determined were: the predicted scenarios for the future use of vehicles, scenarios for the future functioning of entities operating in the automotive industry, and possible variants of future business models in the enterprises in question in a situation of increasing importance of automation and vehicle autonomy.

Keywords: automated vehicles; autonomous vehicles; business models of vehicle manufacturers
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