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Dr hab. inż. Tomasz Kamiński
ORCID: 0000-0002-6695-4136

A specialist in the field of Intelligent Transport Systems and innovative solutions in road transport. Habilitated doctor of technical sciences. A graduate of MBA studies at the Kozminski University in Warsaw. Member of the Polish Association of Transport Telematics and the Polish Engine for Combustion Engines. Founder member of the EKOMOBILNOŚĆ association and member of the ITS Polska Association. Manager and participant of 34 national and international research projects. Participant of Technical Committee No. 17 of the Polish Committee for Standardization. Author of about 250 scientific and popularizing publications, as well as co-author of monographs and textbooks in the field of transport. A passionate of RC models.

DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.1.2
JEL: O18, R4, Q55

The article describes the issue of transport automation, which is one of the current trends in the development of vehicles and road infrastructure. The way to implement automated vehicles and then use fully autonomous vehicles has not yet been determined, but it can be assumed that they will provide a solution supporting sustainable mobility — especially within cities and urban agglomerations. It will be possible thanks to reaching a compromise between economic, social and environmental goals, characteristic for sustainable mobility. The implementation of new concepts in the field of mobility on demand, vehicle sharing and rental, combined with transport automation, should result in reducing traffic congestion and lowering the emission of harmful exhaust components. The models for the delivery of goods that can take place at night may also change, which may improve the use of the fleet of vehicles, road and warehouse infrastructure. Selected properties of automated and autonomous vehicles can be used to support the demands of sustainable mobility.

The study was aimed at characterizing the issues related to the autonomy of road transport. Aspects of urban mobility were presented, as well as examples of vehicles that are currently being tested in real conditions.

Keywords: autonomy of road transport; autonomous vehicles; urban mobility; modern technologies in transport
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.6.2
JEL: L62, R41

The article describes C-ITS solutions that were included in the analyzes carried out for the purposes of the RID 4D project, entitled "Impact of the use of Intelligent Transport Systems services on the level of road safety" implemented at the request of the General Directorate for National Roads and Motorways and the National Center for Research and Development (contract no. DZP/RID-I41/7/NCBR/2016).

C-ITS solutions are the next stage in the development of Intelligent Transport Systems. Data from these systems can be used as part of the so-called Local Dynamic Maps, which are a tool combining static information about roads, road and roadside infrastructure with dynamic road information. The dynamic data range includes information sent to vehicles, including about road incidents or emergency braking, and their use can contribute to increasing road safety. In addition, increasing the amount of data available will enable more accurate response to threats by driver assistance systems in emergency situations, including systems used in autonomous vehicles.

The article also describes the possibility of supporting the development of electromobility by ITS solutions, mainly due to more efficient information to drivers about the possibility of charging a car traction battery and the use of intelligent outdoor locations, taking into account the battery level, as well as the location and availability of charging points.

Keywords: ITS; C-ITS; Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems; transport safety