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Material Economy and Logistics 01/2022

ISSN: 1231-2037
Pages: 44
Publication date: 2022
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.1.1
JEL: R

The aim of the article is to present the results of the analysis of the literature on business models related to the management of lithium-ion batteries, in accordance with the principles of the circular economy. The transition from a "linear" economy to a circular economy requires taking a number of actions, incl. concerning the extension of the product life cycle (e.g. by changing the waste status), which enables its further use. The listed actions are in line with the waste hierarchy that was updated in 2017 at the level of the European Union. The application of the principles of the circular economy made it necessary to update business models, in which often the last stage of using, for example, a used product was recognizing it as waste and ending its use. Extending the life cycle of lithium-ion batteries reduces the demand for primary raw materials (e.g. lithium) and avoids any consequences resulting from the production of new Li-Ions.

Keywords: circular economy; waste hierarchy; lithium-ion car batteries
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.1.2
JEL: L9, O18, R33

The issue of the location of enterprises is one of the key issues in the field of enterprise sciences. The choice of location is therefore an important part of strategic management. For this reason, the decision on the location should be prepared extremely carefully. The issue of the location of logistics facilities is discussed relatively rarely. It is also a relatively new issue and still poorly researched. The aim of the article is to present the procedure for planning and implementing the decision on the location of new warehouse space for an enterprise. It also includes considerations about the choice of various types of warehouse investments, resulting from the activity of developers and optimization of the facility's operating costs. The whole is based on the current knowledge about the state and development trends of the warehouse market in Poland.

Keywords: warehouses; location; planning; choice of object
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.1.3
JEL: Q55, Q57

The modern packaging market is one of the largest and fastest developing industries on a global scale. Packaging is a very important element of the product itself, it plays a significant role in the efficient flow of goods. The logistic functions fulfilled by the packaging guarantee an optimal and harmonious flow of materials through each link of the supply chain.

Packaging generates a huge amount of waste, which deteriorates the condition of the natural environment. Waste accompanies all phases of the supply chain, from the acquisition of raw materials, through production, distribution and sale, and consumption, to the disposal of used packaging. Proper packaging management, the process of recycling, disposal, transport, storage, and segregation have a huge impact on the environment. Nowadays, the customer places great emphasis on environmentally-friendly production, products that have been produced in an "ecological" production process increase sales and have greater value for the customer, and thus the customer is able to pay more for a given product. This type of approach forces the production company to take into account the ecological aspect when designing packaging. It consists in a detailed analysis of the entire life cycle of the packaging, from the moment of purchasing raw materials to the end of the product's life. Including the topic of ecology in the area of logistics emphasizes the interdependence of logistics and the natural environment. The concept of a green supply chain, which in fact is difficult to achieve, is based on the assumption of "zero waste". For this purpose, when designing products, it is assumed the maximum use of materials and the possibility of their re-use by recycling, giving the products a "second life".

The aim of the article is to present the impact of ecological aspects of logistics on the development of packaging in the supply chain.

Keywords: logistics; ecology; packaging; supply chain; waste; recycling
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.1.4
JEL: R410, R580, R590

The idea of sharing appeared in various parts of the world, primarily in the largest urban agglomerations and in particular in highly developed countries. Although the very idea of sharing people's mobility is not new (this type of mobility has been around for centuries), providing these processes with logistic systems and modern technology has made "sharing" one of the most desirable trends in the evolution of how people move in cities. The aim of the article is to analyze the idea of sharing in logistic terms in contemporary cities. The study analyzed the essence, conditions and development trends related to the dissemination of the idea of sharing in urban logistics. Particular attention was paid to the concept of carsharing.

Keywords: public transport; sharing; logistics
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