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Material Economy and Logistics 10/2019

ISSN: 1231-8753
Pages: 44
Publication date: 2019
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2019.10.1

The article contains content that can be included in three theses describing the participants of the transport market, namely mainly about small and medium enterprises (companies) and their behaviour on it; the scope of transport services other than transport of goods and changes in transport and forwarding services.

The article shows that the increase in the scope of transport services has resulted in the creation of a number of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) specialising in in the implementation of partial tasks in transport systems. As a result of the phenomenon of integration of partial services implementation, sets of services are created which create an integrated logistics service. Such a procedure is a result of striving for optimization of undertakings in the whole transport chain (channel).

Furthermore, in order to achieve the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises in the transport services market, the article highlights the need for, and even the need for, improvement and making permanent changes in kinds, forms, and manners of still offered services and in their scope.

The article also justifies that the latest and most frequent trends in the functioning of small and medium-sized transport enterprises in the transport chain (transport channel), concern cooperation with large international companies within the established capital groups. The article ends with justified and appropriate conclusions and generalisations.

Keywords: transport; logistics chain; transport; small and medium enterprises; transport services; free market; globalization; freight forwarder; logistics operator
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2019.10.2

The content of the article presents the results of research reflecting the impact of multi-channel sales on logistic decisions related to the distribution of goods in e-commerce.

The article consists of three parts. In the first of these, the essence of the subscription economics as a modern economic phenomenon was presented. The second part contains the results of research reflecting the properties of electronic distribution channels. The third part presents the main models of physical distribution in e-commerce.

Among the expectations of customers participating in e-commerce, the following prevail: ease of building the assortment, full transfer of market information, ease of purchase and speed of delivery of the purchased product, ease of returning the goods. Therefore, such determinants of logistic customer service create a problem situation that fundamentally determined the research and the arrangement of content as the effect of these studies.

Keywords: multi-channel sales; logistics distribution; electronic distribution channels
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2019.10.3

The article presents selected examples of implementation of support tasks by the host nation support for the benefit of allied and partner troops, performing tasks on the territory of Poland, resulting from the new geopolitical conditions in which Central and Eastern Europe found itself. The resulting threats and dynamics of change forced the Alliance's authorities to take a new approach to strengthening NATO's eastern flank as part of improving the region's security. As a result of the actions undertaken, the exercises in Poland and the Baltic countries, the relocation of allied troops by our territory and their deployment as a result of the eFP (enhanced Forward Presence) and Operation Atlantic Resolve were intensified.

As a consequence, the increase in the involvement of the alliance in the performance of tasks on our territory requires increased participation in the HNS, not only the military system of the state, but also involvement of the non-military defense system of the state.

Keywords: security; HNS system; host nation support; military infrastructure; logistics resources
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2019.10.4

Transportation, next to agriculture and trade was one of the first areas covered by the common policy of the European Union. The consequence of dynamic socioeconomic changes and integration processes of this grouping was re-evaluation of the realized goals and investment priorities as well as development needs of different modes of transport, including rail freight.

Member states, although they have sovereign transport policies, wanting to co-create the transport system must try to follow these changes and include them in national transport policies. In this article was analyzed the goals and their impact on the functioning of the polish rail cargo market in the years 1980–2018.

Keywords: transport policy; railway freight transport; rail transport market
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2019.10.5

The transport and the movement of forces are the elements of all sorts of the armed forces activities. The movement control plays a significant role in the command and control (C2) process. It is an integral part of C2 process and it consists of planning, organizing, leadership and control realised by a set of forces using all available resources for assuring the safe, efficient and economical movement. The ability of forces movement, in order to fulfil the whole spectrum of their functions and tasks, is crucial for the efficiency of future national and multinational operations. The ability of transport and movement regards the whole set of the Polish Armed Forces tasks in both contemporary and expected security environment.

The aim of this paper is to identify the rules and procedures of the Polish Armed Forces movement on the public roads in the peacetime.

Keywords: armed forces; transport and movement; movement; road infrastructure; logistic infrastructure; logistic potential
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