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Civil liability regime for AI-powered decision support systems in EU's Eastern Partnership – Ukrainian case

Reżim odpowiedzialności cywilnej za systemy podejmowania decyzji wspomagane sztuczną inteligencją w krajach Partnerstwa Wschodniego UE – przypadek Ukrainy

The main problem considered in the article is to determine how to adequately respond to changes in the functioning of AI-powered decision support systems in terms of satisfying state, business, and citizens' needs. The research methodology is based on the review of the literature on the subject and the analysis of different policy options. The process of argumentation consists of two essential elements. The first characterizes the essence and purpose of the development of civil liability regimes for AI-powered decision support systems in Ukraine. Ukrainian legal provisions were analyzed in terms of their substantive scope and their openness to internalize potential new situations relating to claims for compensation of damages from AI systems. The second part focuses on the results of own research of legal acts and strategic policy documents. The research reveals significant differences between EU regulations and Ukrainian lawmaking practice. An option with the adoption of specific legislation could potentially be a favorable solution. First of all, a risk-based approach ensures appropriate management of risks that would arise for economic actors, and provide a good opportunity for victims to receive compensation. Further implementation of civil liability for AI requires both: the unification of the regulations and a strategic perspective of various regime interoperability. This creates the need to develop and implement a long-term strategy in order to strike a balance between protecting citizens from possible harm caused by the activities of artificial intelligence systems and enabling technological innovation. Different policy options and legislative regimes have been proposed for EU neighboring countries.


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Słowa kluczowe: artificial intelligence; fault-based liability; strict liability; vicarious liability (sztuczna inteligencja; odpowiedzialność na zasadzie winy; odpowiedzialność ścisła; odpowiedzialność zastępcza)



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