Najlepsze ceny Specjalne oferty dla członków klubu książki PWE Najtańsza dostawa
DOI: 10.33226/0137-5490.2021.9.1
JEL: K23, K33, K38
Anna Drabarz ORCID: 0000-0003-0855-3841 , e-mail: a.drabarz|uwb.edu.pl| |a.drabarz|uwb.edu.pl

When social meets economic: the case of the European Accessibility Act — remarks from Poland's perspective

Europejski akt o dostępności: społeczny wymiar rynku — kilka uwag z perspektywy Polski

During the last decade, a number of EU legal regulations have been adopted in different areas to make the EU space more accessible for persons with disabilities and older persons. European accessibility standards and funding opportunities have been put into place to support their implementation in the environment built and in the information and communication technologies (ICT) and disseminate the Design for All approach. The primary rationale for these steps involves the goals of social cohesion and inclusion, often overshadowing the market arguments relevant to business stakeholders. Their fullest (so far) combination has been adopted in the European Accessibility Act. The analysis, from a Poland's perspective as a Member State, presents how important it is to involve business entities in the processes of planning, creating, implementing and evaluating the transposing legal provisions and tools for increasing the level of accessibility of space, product and service.

W ostatniej dekadzie przyjęto w Unii Europejskiej wiele regulacji prawnych w różnych obszarach, aby uczynić przestrzeń UE bardziej dostępną dla osób z niepełnosprawnościami i osób starszych. Wprowadzono europejskie standardy dostępności i możliwości finansowania, aby wspierać ich wdrażanie w zbudowanym środowisku i technologiach informacyjno-komunikacyjnych (ICT) oraz rozpowszechniać podejście projektowania uniwersalnego. Podstawowym uzasadnieniem dla tych kroków są cele spójności społecznej i integracji, które często są przesłaniane przez argumenty rynkowe istotne dla interesariuszy biznesowych. Ich najpełniejsze (jak dotąd) połączenie zostało przyjęte w Europejskim akcie o dostępności. Analiza z perspektywy Polski jako państwa członkowskiego pokazuje, jak ważne jest zaangażowanie podmiotów gospodarczych w procesy planowania, tworzenia, wdrażania i oceny transponujących przepisów oraz narzędzi zwiększania poziomu dostępności przestrzeni, produktów i usług.

Słowa kluczowe: European Accessibility Act; social market economy; Web Accessibility Directive; CRPD (Europejski akt o dostępności; społeczna gospodarka rynkowa; dyrektywa w sprawie dostępności cyfrowej; KPON)

Bibliografia

Bibliografia/References

Literatura/ Literature

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Drabarz, A. (2020). Harmonising Accessibility in the EU Single Market: Challenges for Making the European Accessibility Act Work. Review of European and Comparative Law, 43(4), 83–102.

European Telecommunications Standards Institute (2018). Accessibility requirements for ICT products and services, https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_en/301500_301599/301549/02.01.02_60/en_301549v020102p.pdf (30.04.2021).

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Akty prawne/Legal Acts

Act of 7 July 1994. — Construction Law, Journal of Laws of 2019, item 1186 — ustawa z 7.07.1994 r. — Prawo budowlane, Dz.U. z 2019 r., poz. 1186.

Act of 4 April 2019 on digital accessibility of websites and mobile applications of public entities, Journal of Laws of 2019, item 848 — ustawa z 4.04.2019 r. o dostępności cyfrowej stron internetowych i aplikacji mobilnych podmiotów publicznych, Dz.U. z 2019 r., poz. 848.

Act of 19 July 2019 on ensuring accessibility for persons with special needs, Journal of Laws of 2019, item 1696 — ustawa z 19.07.2019 r. o zapewnianiu dostępności osobom ze szczególnymi potrzebami, Dz.U. z 2019 r. poz. 1696.

Consolidated version of the Treaty on European Union, OJ C 326, 26.10.2012, 13–390.

Directive 95/16/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to lifts refers to the accessibility of lifts, OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, 1.

Directive 2004/27/EC on the Community code relating to medicinal products for human use requires that the packaging of medicinal products include a label in braille and that the package information leaflet be available, on special request, in formats accessible to visually impaired users, OJ L 213, 7.9.1995, 1–31.

Directive 2009/45/EC on safety rules and standards for passenger ships obliges Member States to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to enable safe access to passenger ships, OJ L 163/1.

Directive 2010/13/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2010 on the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services (Audiovisual Media Services Directive), OJ L 95, 15.4.2010, 1–24.

Directive (EU) 2016/2102 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 October 2016 on the accessibility of the websites and mobile applications of public sector bodies, OJ L 327, 2.12.2016, p. 1–15

Directive (EU) 2017/1564 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 September 2017 on certain permitted uses of certain works and other subject matter protected by copyright and related rights for the benefit of persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise printdisabled and amending Directive 2001/29/EC on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society, OJ L 242, 20.9.2017, 6.

Directive (EU) 2018/1972 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2018 establishing the European Electronic Communications Code (Recast), PE/52/2018/REV/1, OJ L 321, 17.12.2018, 36–214.

Directive (EU) 2019/882 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 on the accessibility requirements for products and services, PE/81/2018/REV/1, OJ L 151, 7.6.2019, 70–115.

Proposal for a Regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on roaming on public mobile communications networks within the Union (recast), COM/2021/85.

Regulation (EC) No 1371/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2007 on rail passengers' rights and obligations, OJ L 315, 3.12.2007, 14–41.

Regulation (EC) No. 661/2009 concerns type-approval requirements for the general safety of motor vehicles, their trailers and systems, components and separate technical units intended therefor, OJ L 200, 31.7.2009, 1–24.

Regulation (EU) No 1177/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 concerning the rights of passengers when travelling by sea and inland waterway and amending Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004, OJ L 334, 17.12.2010, 1–16.

Regulation (EU) No 181/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 concerning the rights of passengers in bus and coach transport and amending Regulation (EC) No 2006/2004, OJ L 55, 28.2.2011, 1–12.

Regulation (EU) 2017/1563 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 September 2017 on the cross-border exchange between the Union and third countries of accessible format copies of certain works and other subject matter protected by copyright and related rights for the benefit of persons who are blind, visually impaired or otherwise print-disabled, OJ L 242, 20.9.2017, p. 1.

Regulation (EU) 2019/515 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 March 2019 on the mutual recognition of goods lawfully marketed in another Member State and repealing Regulation (EC) No 764/2008, PE/70/2018/REV/1, OJ L 91, 29.3.2019, 1–18.

Regulation (EU) 2019/1020 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 June 2019 on market surveillance and compliance of products and amending Directive 2004/42/EC and Regulations (EC) No 765/2008 and (EU) No 305/2011, PE/45/2019/REV/1, OJ L 169, 25.6.2019, 1–44.

Resolution No. 102/2018 of the Council of Ministers of 17 July 2018 on the establishment of the Government Accessibility Plus Programme — Uchwała nr 102/2018 Rady Ministrów z dnia 17 lipca 2018 r. w sprawie ustanowienia Rządowego Programu Dostępność Plus, https://www.funduszeeuropejskie.gov.pl/media/62312/uchwala_RM_17_07_2018.pdf. (30.04.2021).

UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, 13 December 2006, in force 03 May 2008, UN Doc. A/RES/61/106, Annex I.

 

Inne źródła/Other sources

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