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Dr Michał Raczkowski
ORCID: 0000-0001-5585-9101
Dr Michał Raczkowski, Assistant profesor, Department of Labour Law and Social Policy,
University of Warsaw, advocate. Specializes in relationships between labour law and private
law.
DOI: 10.33226/0032-6186.2021.6.2
JEL: K31, Z13, Z18

Legal guarantees for journalists to be able to perform their activities strongly support their mission to serve the society and the state. One of them — the conscience clause for journalists — has been widely discussed by the media specialists in Poland. Their recommendations as to this matter have been introduced to legal system in 2017. The authors tend to explain hereby the meaning of the conscience clause regulation, both as of media sciences and legal perspectives.

Keywords: conscience clause; journalist; employment; labour employment; non-labour employment
DOI: 10.33226/0032-6186.2020.5.3
JEL: K31

The COVID-19 pandemic challenges society and economy, which expects labour law and social security regulations response. The so-called anti-crisis act enables employees' rights to be limited and public aid to be granted. Suspensive collective agreements provided for in the special serve this purpose. Authors, analyzing the subjective and objective side of these agreements, indicate similarities and differences between them. At the same time, they draw attention to their different structures and showlegislative shortcomings in this respect, trying to appraise the effectiveness and efficiency of suspensive collective arrangements in practice.

Keywords: suspending collective agreement; anti-crisis act; economic demurrage; reduced working time; less favourable conditions of employment

Dr Michał Raczkowski, Assistant profesor, Department of Labour Law and Social Policy,
University of Warsaw, advocate. Specializes in relationships between labour law and private
law.