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Material Economy and Logistics 05/2021

ISSN: 1231-2037
Pages: 44
Publication date: 2021
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.5.1
JEL: M29

This paper presents an image of the machine and equipment operator in the context of the development of industrial cyberphysical systems and adaptive automation in manufacturing companies. The development of technology makes new challenges for machine and equipment operators. The concept of Industry 4.0, which has been lashed for a decade, is shaping a new work environment for operators who operate machinery and equipment. Industry 4.0 is the term used for technological advances in the fourth industrial revolution. Advanced information and communication technologies, supported by full automation and robotization, the Internet of Things and cloud computing to control production, are changing the existing ways of operating machinery and equipment. There are discussions in the literature around the role of machine and equipment operators in modern factories. Secondary sources of information was the basis for outlining the general (framework) conditions of work and profile of the operator of machinery and equipment in Industry 4.0. The aim of this paper is an introduction to the broad topic of issues about the role of the operators of machinery and equipment in cyber-physical systems of production.

Keywords: Industry 4.0; machines and equipment operator; cyber-physical production systems
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.5.2
JEL: L1, N7

The purpose of this article is to present the results of research on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the activity of road freight transport companies. Moreover, it outlines the main corrective actions that have been taken by road carriers to eliminate the effects of the crisis. The source basis are the results of studies, which were conducted on a purposively selected sample of 100 enterprises representing the sector. What emerges from the research carried out is a destructive impact of the pandemic on the activities carried out in the field of road transport. Consequences of the epidemic can be seen both in the reduction for transport services' demand and in poorer financial condition of the companies surveyed. In response to the crisis, transport companies have taken numerous cost-cutting measures.

Keywords: road carriers; COVID-19 pandemic; corrective measures; road freight transport
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.5.3
JEL: L93

The article (part 1) contains an analysis of Polish passenger transport in regular and charter traffic specifically relating to airports, cities and countries for the years 2011–2018. The aim of this article is to deepen the knowledge on this topic. The trend occurring in the examined period was analyzed and conclusions relating to the changing transport structure were made. The compilation of statistical data made it possible to carry out the analysis based on the available resources of the Central Statistical Office and the Civil Aviation Office. This enabled the current gap in literature to be filled, where previously information was compiled only for each year separately.

Keywords: air transport; airport; passenger; scheduled traffic; nonscheduled traffic (transport lotniczy; port lotniczy; pasażer; ruch regularny; ruch czarterowy)
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2021.5.4
JEL: L14, L21, M59, O19

The aim of the article is to present the impact of human resource management models on building strategic partnership in supply chains. The process of the evolution of inter-organizational trust was identified and described, and the importance of Japanese keiretsu structures in the context of building partnerships between the links of the supply chain was emphasized. The author has also created a proprietary model of the relationship between human resource management models and strategic partnership in the supply chain.

Keywords: supply chain management; human resource management models. strategic partnership; trust; keiretsu
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