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Material Economy and Logistics 9/2022

ISSN: 1231-2037
Pages: 40
Publication date: 2022
Place publication: Warszawa
Binding: paperback
Format: A4
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.9.1
JEL: M15, O31, O32

The optimization of warehouse processes is one of the most important requirements of modern logistics. At a time when the automation of warehouses and distribution centers is rapidly increasing, there is a real need among logistics managers for software to improve the efficiency of intralogistics processes. The topic presented is important both from a business and a scientific point of view. For business, it remains an important way of increasing efficiency, and from the scientific point of view, it is an interesting area of research.

The aim of this publication is to present the results of research connected with Warehouse Intelligence (WI) project. In this project software for the optimization of intralogistics processes is developed. The software is currently in the research and development phase and it is therefore theoretical and conceptual study. Selected elements related to the ongoing research and development process are also presented, as far as possible for today (July 2022) taking into account the current status of the project. The aim of the entire WI project is to develop a globally innovative product for analyzing intralogistics processes with the support of AI algorithms. The subject of the research are processes which take place in the warehouse. We use research methods such as: computer simulation, experiments or analytical methods. This publication also uses the method of critical analysis of the literature.

Keywords: IT systems in logistics; warehouse management; optimization of warehouse processes; machine learning
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.9.2
JEL: L91, L92, L93, N70, O18, R41

The main objective of the publication is to define the role and importance of shipment of dangerous goods in transport and freight forwarding, with particular emphasis on Poland. In the first part of the dissertation, the concept of dangerous goods was defined. Also, the types of vehicles used for their movement were presented and shipping modes used to transport dangerous goods were identified along with the requirements for shipment of dangerous goods and proper attention to the equipment and marking of the cargo and the means of transport carrying such dangerous goods. Moreover, methods and ways of securing the loads during their movement were indicated. This part identifies the obligations of carriers during the shipment of dangerous goods (divided into particular modes of transport). The second part of the publication with deals with international regulation taking into account the mode of transport (ADR, RID, IDMG, ICAO) and underlines its importance in EU law. Attention was drawn to the results of the analysis of the organisation and implementation of the transport process of dangerous goods in Poland. These issues have been discussed i the context of the legislation and a model for their use in the transport of dangerous goods has been presented. Particular attention has been paid to the analysis of the most frequently used mode of transport for these goods, on the basis of which land transport management has been assessed. The evaluation of transport related to the adequacy of legislation on the transport of goods. Examples of difficulties and irregularities in Polish legislation in the field of transport of dangerous goods were also identified. The evaluation of the management of the transport of dangerous goods was the starting point for proposals to improve and modify the transport of dangerous goods.

Keywords: dangerous goods; shipment of dangerous goods; international legal regulations; transport and forwarding of dangerous goods
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DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2022.9.3
JEL: L91, M53

The main goal of the article The impact of the pandemic on the training of future professional drivers organized in driving schools was to show how the pandemic affected the number of people wishing to do this type of course during it. Moreover, the specific objective was to demonstrate the impact of a given situation on the functioning and organization of driving schools that organized such courses. Based on the survey conducted among centers in the Mazowieckie Voivodeship, it was shown that during the pandemic the number of candidates for professional drivers increased. This result was directly related to the demand (demand) in the labor market, mainly for drivers transporting goods. This, in turn, resulted from the growing demand for on-line purchases. On this basis, the assumed thesis was verified negatively.

Keywords: pandemic; pre-qualification; company management; driving school; survey method
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