Dr Justyna Majchrzak-Lepczyk Academic teacher, Department of Logistics, Institute of International Economy, Poznan University of Economics and Business.
E-commerce in Poland has been growing year by year, with significant increases in both volume and the number of shopping customers. Efficient service of products ordered online is starting to shape the competitiveness of many e-businesses, which adapt their offer in accordance with the expectations of buyers. For an increasing number of customers, logistics services are just as important as the purchased product. The aim of the article is to indicate the changing expectations of e-clients in relation to the logistics service provided in electronic commerce. The source basis of the study are available Polish and foreign literature sources, industry reports as well as empirical studies, carried out among 247 e-clients. The research was carried out using an online survey based on a questionnaire in the electronic version. The participants of the study were adults who make purchases in e-commerce. The selection of the sample was non-random, which means that the study carried out is not of a general nature. The considered considerations made it possible to assess the key factors that, in the opinion of buyers, shape the competitive position of e-entities. Appropriate recognition of the expectations of e-buyers thus becomes the superior role of enterprises wishing to offer the highest level of service.
Logistic customer service, especially in the area of e-commerce, is evolving significantly. A few years ago, the delivery could be made within a few days of purchase, now the optimal time is 24–48 hours. It is therefore necessary for entities operating in the field of e-commerce to cooperate with the company or courier companies that are able to carry out these deliveries. Today, cooperation between business entities, institutions and individuals takes on a completely new dimension. Developed relationships and trust, as well as the possibility of sharing resources or creating new solutions, are becoming more and more important. The ongoing transfer of knowledge, information, capital and human resources makes it worth referring to the concept and theory of economic sciences in this area. When creating a logistic service process, one should look for such a combination of resources that will most effectively meet the growing expectations of customers. Thus, their skillful use, not just having, is of undoubted value.
The aim of this article is to show the important role of logistic customer service in e-commerce and to present it in the light of theoretical foundations: resource theory, transaction cost theory, behavioral economics and the sharing economy. Literature sources were used in the study. The considerations made it possible to define the role of the foundations of economic theories as the building blocks of the competitive position of e-enterprises.
Dr Justyna Majchrzak-Lepczyk
Academic teacher, Department of Logistics, Institute of International Economy, Poznan University of Economics and Business.