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Dr Barbara Ocicka
ORCID: 0000-0003-4898-9594
Associate professor at SGH Warsaw School of Economics. Principal Investigator Researcher within SIMBIO Project entitled "New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research: Social Innovation Management for BIOPlastics" in SGH. Author of over 50 publications on purchasing, logistics and supply chain management. Her latest book is entitled The role of purchasing in business (2019).
DOI: 10.33226/1231-7853.2021.3.1
JEL: D22, O35, Q01

The aim of the article is to present the development of bio-packaging supply chains as a market trend towards meeting the principles of the circular economy (CE) and the concept of research focused on it. The authors explain the need to undertake and constantly deepen cooperation of stakeholders in creating social innovations, necessary to design circular supply chains of bio-packaging to meet CE principles. They open the perspective of research on the conditions and significance of the development of biopackaging market and closed loop to contribute to the achievements of life sciences by presenting results and conclusions in the background of social sciences. The concept of their research has also application values, as it integrates stakeholders from private and public sectors in the pursuit of creating and implementing innovations.

Keywords: biopolymer; packaging; supply chain; circular economy; social innovation

Character of competition on international markets has changed, the battle about a client is led not by single enterprises but by integrated supply chains. At the same time the structure of supply chains has spread out from local to global network. The country, which is placed in the center of interest of multinational companies, is China. Its access to the World Trade Organization had strongly boosted its attractiveness for global investments. The main purpose of this article is to show the position of China in the supply chains of global companies. The presented results of research indicated the most important challenges for logistics in China. The exact analysis of this sector allows to define, on one hand, prospects, on the other hand, threats, for its development in the future. The article presents importance of China as the place of sourcing (low-cost country sourcing), with particular attention to sourcing strategies of global retail networks. The author leads also consideration to logistics of distribution and defines the most important distribution strategies of firms, which are doing business in China. Finally, strategy of Motorola Incorporated is presented as an example of the global company, which used the potential of China and developed the strategy of global partner supply chain and achieved success.

Keywords: logistics; supply chain; China
DOI: 10.33226/1231-2037.2020.2.2
JEL: L21, L91, L98

The aim of the article is to identify and define the roles of
the main stakeholders that influence the development of
multimodal freight transport. The conclusions are based on
the results of the ChemMultimodal Project implemented in
2016–2019 in the Central Europe region. The Project team
used quantitative and qualitative research methods: survey,
in-depth individual interviews and case studies. The
research findings on the example of the chemical industry
led to the conclusion of the need for a holistic approach in
the pursuit of increasing the significance of multimodality in
cargo transportation. It requires integration of strategies,
objectives and activities of key stakeholders. These
stakeholders include: institutions that define strategies and
regulations in the field of transport policy, plan and finance
investments at the EU, national and regional level, links of
supply chains, manufacturing and trade companies, logistics
service providers as well as clusters and chambers of
industries.

Keywords: sustainable development; stakeholders; multimodal transport; transport policy; carbon footprint

Associate professor at SGH Warsaw School of Economics. Principal Investigator Researcher within SIMBIO Project entitled "New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research: Social Innovation Management for BIOPlastics" in SGH. Author of over 50 publications on purchasing, logistics and supply chain management. Her latest book is entitled The role of purchasing in business (2019).